Case Studies: Writing A Case Study Analysis

By Editorial Team Last updated: Oct 11, 2023

Case Studies: Writing A Case Study Analysis

What do you plan to study in college? We're guessing you've heard of a case study if you're a psychology, sociology, or anthropology student. This kind of research is used to investigate a certain individual, group, or circumstance. You will discover how to create a case study effectively in this guidance from our online essay writing service, from researching to properly attributing sources. We'll also go through different types of case studies and show you some examples so you don't have any more questions.

What is a Case Study Analysis?

The University of Arizona Global Campus defines a case study as a comprehensive account of what happened to a company or sector through time. It documents the events that managers had to cope with, such as changes in the competitive environment, as well as their answers, which usually involved changing the business or corporate strategy.

For a variety of reasons, cases are beneficial in a course.

  • They provide firsthand exposure

They provide you, the student, firsthand exposure with organizational difficulties you may not have encountered previously. You'll have the chance to evaluate and assess the issues faced by a variety of firms in a short amount of time, as well as learn how management try to handle them.

  • They aid in the retention of information.

The significance and ramifications of this knowledge become clear when applied to case studies. Theoretical and conceptual frameworks assist in disclosing what is going on in the companies under study, as well as assessing the solutions that organizations have implemented to address their difficulties.

  • They provide opportunity for active participation

They provide you the opportunity to actively participate in class and experience presenting your ideas to others. Instructors may invite students to work together in groups to understand out what's going on in a case, and the problems and solutions to the case problem will emerge through classroom discussion.

Working in groups to assess case studies will teach you about group dynamics and teamwork. When people operate in groups, it might be challenging to schedule time and assign duties for case analysis. Members of the group will always shirk their responsibilities, and some will try to dominate the group's analysis with their own ideas. However, because most business conversations are conducted in groups, it is preferable that you learn about these difficulties immediately.

Related: How to Analyze a Case Study

Analyzing a Case Study

As stated earlier, the objective of the case study is to allow you to apply what you've learned by analyzing the problems that a specific organization is facing. To assess a case study, you must first look into the challenges that the company is dealing with. Most of the time, you'll need to read the case multiple times - once to get a general sense of what's going on with the company, and then again to find and understand the specific issues.

In general, a case study's extensive investigation should encompass the following eight areas:

  • The company's history, development, and growth over time
  • The internal strengths and weaknesses of the company are identified.
  • The external environment in which the company operates.
  • A SWOT analysis is a method of analyzing the strengths, weaknesses
  • The type of corporate strategy that the company is pursuing.
  • The nature of the firm's top-level business plan
  • The structure and control mechanisms of the organization, as well as how they align with its strategy
  • Recommendations

You must use what you've learned to each of these areas in order to examine a case. For each of the eight issues we just mentioned, we provide a synopsis of the steps you can take to assess the case material.

  1. Examine the company's history, evolution, and expansion. Charting the significant episodes in a firm's history - that is, the events that were the most exceptional or crucial for its development into the company it is today - is a practical way to analyze how its past strategy and structure effect it in the present. 
  2. Determine the internal strengths and weaknesses of the company. After you've finished the historical profile, you can move on to the SWOT analysis. Utilize all of the instances you've recorded to create a historical account of the company's strengths and shortcomings. 
  3. Examine the surrounding environment. The next stage is to determine which environmental hazards and opportunities exist. To examine the environment in which the company operates, you should apply all of the facts you've acquired about industry and macroenvironments. Porter's five forces model and the stage of the life cycle model are particularly important at the industrial level.
  4. Analyze the SWOT analysis and make a decision. You must examine what your findings signify after you've identified the company's external opportunities and dangers, as well as its internal strengths and shortcomings. Never create a SWOT analysis and then forget about it. A good SWOT analysis is the cornerstone to all the analyses that follow since it provides a concise picture of the company's state.
  5. Examine the corporate strategy. To examine a company's corporate-level strategy, you must first establish the mission and goals of the company. The mission and goals are sometimes stated openly in the case; other times, you will have to deduce them from the facts given. You'll need to gather information about the company's line(s) of business, as well as the nature of its subsidiaries and acquisitions, to figure out its corporate strategy. 
  6. Examine the overall strategy of the company. Following the completion of the SWOT analysis and knowledge of the company's corporate-level strategy, the next stage is to determine the company's business-level strategy. If the company is a single-business operation, the business-level plan and the corporate-level strategy are similar. If the organization has multiple divisions, each division will have its own business plan. 
  7. Analyze the structure as well as the control systems. The purpose of this study is to determine what structure and control mechanisms the firm is employing to accomplish its strategy, as well as to assess if that structure is the best fit for the company. Various corporate and company strategies necessitate a variety of structures.
  8. Make Recommendations. Making recommendations based on your findings is the final step in the case analysis process. Recommendations are made with the goal of resolving the company's strategic challenge and enhancing future profitability. Your suggestions should be consistent with your analysis, i.e., they should flow naturally from the prior discussion.

Read also: How to analyse a case study

After completing all of these steps, you will have completed a thorough examination of the case and will be able to participate in class discussions or present your findings to the class, depending on your professor's preferred format. Keep in mind that your analysis must be tailored to the unique issue raised in your case. In other situations, one of the processes in the analysis may be totally skipped since it is irrelevant to the scenario under consideration. You must be sensitive to the case's requirements and not mindlessly implement the structure we described in this part. The framework is merely intended to serve as a guide, not as a blueprint that must be followed in order to complete a successful analysis.

Read also: Writing a Case Study

Do you have no idea where to begin?

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